# Narrow, gentle, self-avoiding plane-filling trails

On this page we see plane-filling trails visualizing the narrow and gentle, self-avoiding Golden Right Triangle, Golden Isosceles Triangle, Koch Snowflake and Dekking curves.

## Golden Right Triangle curve

Definition: (0,√φ,1,-1)(1,0,1,1)(0,-√φ,1,-1)(φ,0,1,1), where φ is the *golden ratio* ½(1+√5)

This is one of several options to fill a right triangle whose legs have ratio √φ. A colour gradient drawing is also given, showing how fault lines in different sections of the curve line up.

## Golden Isosceles Triangle curve

Definition: (1,√(4φ-1),1,-1)(2φ,0,1,1)(-1,-√(4φ-1),1,-1)(2, 0,-1,1), where φ is the *golden ratio* ½(1+√5).

This is one of several options of filling an isosceles triangle with leg-to-base ratio √φ.

## Ventrella's Snowflake Sweep

Definition: Δ(1,0,0,-1,1)(1,0,0,1,-1)(-1,0,1,-1,-1)(0,-1,0,-1,1)(1,0,0,-1,1)(0,0,-1,-1,1)(0,0,-1,1,-1)

Ventrella's “Snowflake Sweep”^{1)}, filling the Koch Snowflake. This choice for which sections are filled by a reverse copy of the curve seems to result in the roughest possible fill, with many narrow passages to deep valleys between higher mountains.

## Soft Snowflake Sweep

Definition: Δ(1,0,0,1,1)(1,0,0,-1,-1)(-1,0,1,1,-1)(0,-1,0,1,1)(1,0,0,1,1)(0,0,-1,1,1)(0,0,-1,-1,-1)

In the definition of this curve, all sections are reversed as compared to the definition of the previous curve—resulting in a “softer” terrain with fewer narrow passages to deep valleys.

## Dekking's curve

Definition: (1,0,1,1)(1,0,1,1)(0,1,-1,-1)(-1,0,-1,-1)(0,1,1,1)(1,0,1,1)(0,1,-1,-1)(-1,0,-1,-1)(-1,0,1,1)(0,1,-1,-1)(1,0,1,1)(1,0,1,1)(1,0,-1,-1)(0,1,1,1)(1,0,-1,-1)(0,-1,1,1)(0,-1,1,1)(-1,0,-1,-1)(0,-1,1,1)(0,-1,-1,-1)(1,0,-1,-1)(0,1,1,1)(1,0,1,1)(0,-1,-1,-1)(0,-1,-1,-1)

A curve by Dekking^{2)} that has *Arrwwid number*^{3)} 3, which is unusual for curves based on a subdivision into squares.

^{2)}
F. M. Dekking. Recurrent sets. *Advances in Mathematics* 44, pages 78–104, 1982.

^{3)}
H. Haverkort: Recursive tilings and space-filling curves with little fragmentation. *Journal of Computational Geometry* 2(1), page 92-127, 2011.